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What do we celebrate on 9th of May?

9th May is Europe Day. It involves all citizens of the European Union because we are celebrating the declaration delivered on 9th May 1950 by Robert Schuman. On that day five years after the end of the Second World War, the then French Foreign Minister, Robert Schuman launched an appeal which founded European integration. This declaration announced the creation of the European Community of Steel and Coal (ECSC). During the European Council of Milan in 1985 the heads of state and government decided to establish 9th May as “Europe Day”. Celebrated each year since 1986, Europe Day is an opportunity for activities and festivities that bring Europe and its citizens closer together.

• Read Robert Schuman’s Declaration, available in the 23 official languages of the EU on the Foundation’s site

• Consult all of the events organised for 9th May in Europe

• Consult all of the events organised for 9th May in France

Who was Robert Schuman?

Robert Schuman was a French politician considered as a Founding Father of European Integration.

• Consult the biographical sheet on Robert Schuman
• Consult the information sheet on the Founding Fathers of Europe

The Robert Schuman Foundation has published the only book ever written by Robert Schuman, available on its site in FrenchEnglish and German.

At the end of his life poor health forced Robert Schuman to retire to his house in Scy-Chazelles, Lorraine in the midst of his books and surrounded by loyal friends. It was at this time that he wrote “For Europe”, by reviewing many texts written previously and which summarise the essence of his thoughts on Europe and his vision – which is still topical – of the Europe that was to be built.

9th May this year is special because 2014 is a European election year and all of the European institutions will be elected anew. To follow the European election campaign the Robert Schuman Foundation has put a special, fully comprehensive internet site on line. It recalls the role and powers of the European Parliament, voting rules and the results achieved in 2009. It presents the parties and their programmes, a full candidate list and the polls. It provides readers with information about what is at stake across all of Europe recalling the present parliamentary composition and the forecasts made for after the election on 22nd-25th May next. In addition to this a mobile app is downloadable free from Apple and Google Play.

• Visit the site

• Downloand the app on Google Play

• Download the app on App Store

THE SCHUMAN SPECIAL PAGE ON 9th MAY:

• Review the major points in Robert Schuman’s life in video

• Test your knowledge of 9th May